Next stop of our trip in the French vineyards: the vineyard of Burgundy! Birthplace of inimitable wines that are famous worldwide, Burgundy is full of exceptional terroirs and wines produced by passionate winemakers. Let’s discover them!
How well do you know the vineyard of Burgundy?
Located in the departments of Yonne, Côte-d’Or and Saône-et-Loire, the vineyard of Burgundy has a surface area of 29,500 hectares with 25,000 hectares in AOC.
The vines are planted on clay-limestone soils. The wines are produced from 4 grape varieties: Pinot Noir and Gamay for red wine, and Chardonnay and Aligoté for white wine.
The vines benefit from a temperate-oceanic and semi-continental climate which allows the grapes to express all their unique qualities.
A few numbers
- There are 4,000 wineries, 250 merchant houses and 23 wine grower’s cooperatives
- The distribution of production: 61% dry white wines, 31% red and rosé wines, 8% Crémant wine
- 83 Protected Designations of Origin and 5 Indications of Protected Origin
The appellations are classified in 5 big wine regions: Chablis, Grand Auxerrois, Côte de Nuits, Côte de Beaune, Côte Chalonnaise and Macônnais.
What are the Climats?
In Burgundy, what we call “Climats” are the vineyard plots carefully delimited and named as such for centuries. Each one of them has their own story and name. For example, the name “Les Amoureuses” (the lovers) in Chambole-Musigny relates the story of the land that sticks to the winemakers’ feet, we say that they are in love.
These plots are creating an exceptional landscape mosaic. The 1,247 Climats link the wine to its place of production and identify to its origins. Each Climat has a unique taste and its own character.
Since 1935, the Institut National de l’Origine et de la Qualité (INAO) formalized the use of the term “Climat” and uses it in its regulatory texts for all Burgundy appellations, whatever their hierarchical level.
On July 4, 2015, the climates were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Thanks to this distinction, the vineyard has become a model of terroir viticulture throughout the world.
Nothing better than tasting a delicious glass of Burgundy in the vines!
What wine and food pairings?
A Burgundy wine for every dish! Here is a non-exhaustive list of our favorite food and wine pairings with a Burgundy in the form of a menu:
- For a perfect match with a vegetable and rice gratin, we suggest a red Bourgogne Chitry. With its aromas of honeysuckle, grapefruit and red berries, this red wine is easy to enjoy from a young age!
- Marry your pâtés, terrines and rillettes with a white Aloxe-Corton. Made from Chardonnay, it has orange peel, peony and cinnamon aromas.
- Serve a Beaune 1er Cru white with your chicken in cream sauce. This wine gives aromas of truffle, humus and cinnamon while being supported by a beautiful acidity and a harmonious whole.
- Fancy an entrecote or a rib of beef? We advise you to accompany it with a red Bonnes Mares. Made from Pinot Noir, this wine with humus aromas is well structured and very harmonious!
- To accompany your grilled or fried fish, you can serve a white Batard Montrachet with its citrus and dried fruit aromas, supported by a nice acidity, it will perfectly bring out the aromas of the fish.
- To accompany your camemberts and bries, we recommend a white Auxey-Duresses 1er cru. This wine with aromas of peony, flint and chalk is consistent with a certain smoothness in the mouth and a lot of freshness.
- Would you like red with your Roquefort or blue? We propose you a Bourgogne Côte Chalonnaise with aromas of honeysuckle, broom, mushroom and small red fruits.
- With your apple or pear tarts, enjoy a Bourgogne Aligoté. With its aromas of lemon and apple, this fresh white wine expresses itself fully in its very first youth.
- Feel like freshness? A Petit Chablis will be perfect to accompany your ice creams or sorbets! This sparkling white wine made from Chardonnay has aromas of peach, grapefruit and iodine.
What to visit in Burgundy?
Not only you can taste the wines of Burgundy, but you can discover the heritage, culture and lifestyle of this exceptional terroir. The winemakers and wine merchants are waiting for you to share friendly moments of tasting.
Imagined for you, the Grande Route des Vins (Great Wine Route) brings you to experience the wines of Burgundy by leading you to the estates, cellars and wine merchants’ houses. Explore the rich heritage, learn the winegrower’s trade, gambol or pedal close to the vines, along the rivers…, discover the emblematic winegrowing properties such as the Château de Pommard.
So many things to do and so many moments to share with your loved ones and wine professionals! What are you waiting for? Burgundy is waiting for you!